View Full Version : Gen. Price and the Missouri army

08-30-2004, 10:10 PM
MEMPHIS DAILY APPEAL, [MEMPHIS, TN], May 30, 1862, p. 1, c. 5

Gen. Sterling Price and the Missouri Army.

From the Correspondence of the Charleston Courier.]

Corinth, May 7.—I have lately seen and conversed with that "noblest roman of them all," Gen. Sterling Price, and in absence of other subjects more interesting, a portion of my letter today is devoted to facts connected with this battle-tried hero and his army.

There are some men who seem to have been born with the laurel upon their brows. Greatness is thrust upon them. A career uninterrupted by aught save glory and success, is their birthright, and the tribute which is their due, flows spontaneously from the hearts of their fellow men. Of such a type, Sterling Price is a fitting representative. Leaving his civil pursuits in Missouri at the commencement of our troubles, after having been the recipient of the highest honors in the gift of the State, he entered the service of his country as a general of the Missouri State Guard. Of troops he had comparatively none. Of arms there was a scantiness both in number and quality, yet, such was the magic of his name, that notwithstanding these disadvantages, a few weeks found gathered around his standard an array of rave men whose fame and prowess have become as "household words." The result of that small but glorious beginning is upon the records of the country. The handful of choice spirits has swelled to the dimensions of a cloud, and the partisan chief has become a major general in the Confederate army—the deserving peer of that noble cluster, Beauregard, Bragg, Hardee, Polk, Breckinridge and Johnston. He has been engaged in more battles, conquered more difficulties, turned aside more obstacles, and done more hard fighting and effective service than all the other generals since the war began, and to-day occupies a place in the affections of the people, from which envy, malice or detraction have not yet sought to dislodge him. The star of destiny that lighted up his perilous pathway at the beginning has followed his footsteps, and now rests smilingly in its zenith. Great achievements are yet in store for Sterling Price, and when the proper time comes, as I believe it will, a grateful nation will not forget the bestowal of that reward which is his due.

Some of your readers may think this admiration excessively warm, but the sentiments uttered above are the echo of every heart that has pulsated in the presence of the Missouri general. As few people have an idea of the character of the man, I will give you a hasty pen and ink sketch as he appeared to me during a brief interview. He is over six feet in hight [sic], with a frame to match, full, but not portly, and straight as an Indian. His carriage is marked with dignity, grace and gentleness, and every motion bespeaks the attitude and presence of the well-bred gentleman. He has a large Websterian head, covered with a growth of thick white hair, a high, broad, intellectual forehead, florid face, no beard, and a mouth among whose latent smiles you never fail to discover the iron will that surmounts all obstacles. His laugh, and it is not unfrequent, reveals a set of teeth, which, like Ethan Allen's, would serve to draw nails. The striking feature, however, is his eye—a calm, beautifully blue, soul's revealing orb which is at once a key to everemotion of the man. It is an eye which never blanched at danger, and it is the boast of his soldiers that he never looked unpityingly upon the sufferings of his followers.

A passionate lover of music, the same tender heart that broods over sweet sounds gives flow to the sympathy that is ever warm in his nature for suffering humanity. This was manifest during the masterly retreat from Elkhorn. Time and again did he dismount from his horse to give place to some sick or wounded soldier, and when it was suggested that it would be better to leave these invalids behind, his reply, as he threw a furious look at the individual, was—"No, sir, I'll sacrifice my whole army, before I desert my faithful wounded."

In conclusion, Price is a marked specimen of the "fine old English gentleman"—gentle, suavitable, well informed, and an admirable listener. He speaks quickly but with caution and his words are as laconic and decisive as his acts. He reads human nature intuitively, and possesses the rare faculty of readily adapting himself to every person with whom he is brought in contact. Accessible to all, he is as kindly democratic with his soldiers [as] he is courtly with his equals. No one can lay an affront at the door of Sterling Price. It is this careful consideration which has given him so firm a hold upon the hearts of his men.

Some idea of the attachment existing between the general and his army, may be had from the fact that he is everywhere known by the affectionate soubriquet of "Old Dad."

"Who do you belong to?" asked an officer of one of the passing soldiers in a regiment during its transit through Memphis.

"To the old man."

"Who's the old man?"

"Why, old Dad Price. Haint you heard of him yit?"

"Yes, I have, but where is he now?" continued the questioner.

"I don't know where in h-ll he is now," was the veteran's answer, "but wait until we git into a scrimmage, and I'll show you 'Old Dad' right in the midst of the fire, where the lamp posts and small balls are flying the thickest. Look to the front and you kin always find him thar."

[Lamp posts, I should observe, is the name the boys of the West give to the long conical shells of the enemy.]

The army of Gen. Price is made up of extremes. It is a heterogenous [sic] mixture of all human compounds, and represents in its various elements every condition of western life. There are the old and the young, the rich and the poor, the high and the low, the grave and the gay, the planter and the laborer, farmer and clerk, hunter and boatman, merchant and woodsman—men, too, who have come from every State, and been bronzed in every latitude from the mountains of the Northwest to the pampas of Mexico. Americans, Indians, half-breeds, Mexicans, Frenchmen, Italians, Germans, Spaniards, Poles, and for ought I know, Hottentots,--all are mixed in the motley mass, who have rallied around the flag of their noble leader. It is a "gathering of the clans," as if they had heard and responded to the stirring battle call of my poetical friend Harry Timrod:

"Ho! Woodsmen by the mountain side,
Ho! Dwellers in the vales,
Ho! Ye who by the roaring tide,
Have roughened in the gales.
Leave barn and byre, leave kin and cot,
Lay by the bloodless spade,
Let desk and case and counter rot,
And burn your books of trade."

Nor is this wonderful army less picturesque in point of personal attire and weapons.

Every man has come from his homestead fitted with the best and strongest that loving mothers, wives and sisters could put upon him. And the spectacle presented as they are drawn up in line, whether for marching or inspection, necessarily forms an arabesque pattern of the most parti-colored crowd of people upon which human eyes ever rested. Some are in black—full citizens dress, with beaver hats and frock coats; some in homespun drab; some in grey, blue and streaked; some in nothing but red shirts, pants, and big top boots; some attempt a display with the old fashioned militia uniforms of their forefathers; some have banners floating from their "outer walls" in the rear; some would pass for our friend, the Georgia Major, who used to wear nothing but his shirt collar and a pair of spurs.

"Some are in rags,
Some in bags,
And some in velvet gowns!"

Take them all in all, "they rival those fantastic shapes that hang upon the walls of memory in a poet's dream."

Aside from the dress, I have been forcibly struck by the remarkable personnel of a majority of the men. They are heavy, large headed, rough, brown faced fellows, who look as if in a fight they might weigh a ton apiece, or "whip their weight in wild cats." Fully over three-fifths of them are over six feet in hight [sic], and a very considerable portion of them are mere striplings, ranging in age from fourteen to eighteen. The health of the army is generally good, perhaps better than that of any other body of men in the field. Yet none have suffered more hardships, encountered more perils, or been more deprived of the necessaries of life.

Their weapons are not less miscellaneous than their personal appearance. At first few were armed with anything but ordinary shot guns and rifles, and to a considerable extent, such is the case at present, but it is a proud boast among them that 'Dad Price's men are the only ones who have yet been able to equip themselves generally from the spoils of the enemy." Missourians and Texans wont walk where they can ride. Consequently an unusual proportion of the army is cavalry, but these I learn are to be dismounted and turned to active account as infantry. A good move. Nearly every man in the division is a splendid shot. While at Memphis I heard a bet made that a certain boy, fifteen years old, in one of the regiments, could not at the distance of eight hundred yards hit the crown of a hat four times out of five with a Minnie musket. The bet was taken by an officer, the hat put up, and the lad, who was quietly standing by leaning on his gun, directed to fire. Ten times in succession he pierced the hat within two inches of the center. The wager was willingly paid, and considerately handed to the sharpshooter as a tribute to his skills. As the loser remarked, "it don't pay very well to bet on stock you know nothing about." The young man afterwards remarked to a bystander that he never missed anything he could see.

Such is a brief sketch of Price and his noble little army—the only organized body of men in the Confederacy who have thus far lived up to the inspired "droppings," a part of which I have already quoted:

"Come with the weapons at your call,
With musket, pike and knife;
He wields the deadliest blade of all
Who lightly holds his life!"

In conclusion I may add that "Dad Price and his boys" are now here, and in a position where the "hand writing upon the wall" of their future fame will go down to posterity inscribed with the crimson tide they will draw from the hearts of the enemy.


Vicki Betts

08-30-2004, 10:55 PM

Thanks for the news on old Dad Price, I am from Mo., and interested in these first hand accounts of Missouris patriot army. Didn't you once have an article or news paper story of soldiers recieving cloth shoes and dying them with red berries?

Thanks again, Ken

Ken Irvin
The Skulkers Mess

Michael Comer
08-30-2004, 11:20 PM
I wonder if this writer actually saw Price and his army at all or if he concocted the story based on hearsay.

This is the first I have heard of Price being called "Dad" by his troops. While that may be, most accounts usually refer to him as "Pap". The part about his popularity at that time of the war is certainly true enough. He was lauded throughout the South and was seen by many as a man of action when others were not being aggressive enough to further the interests of the Confederacy.

I also wonder about the description of the men. Price's army was generally made up of Missourians with an Arkansas regiment thrown in. While there was a mixture (a good amount of Irish from St. Louis for example) the writer's description of the ethnic make-up of the outfit is pretty fantastic.

The uniforms, or lack thereof, also poses a problem for me. He is describing how these men might have looked while still serving in the State Guard. Prior to Pea Ridge the Missouri brigade was issued jackets of undyed jean cloth. These white jackets were unpopular with the troops at first but served them well. By the time they came East of the river, they were pretty much in shades of browns due to service in the field and they would have resembled many other units in the area.

Anyone else have any thoughts?

08-31-2004, 07:15 AM
I can't vouch for how "Personne" got his story, or how much of it is true (I just transcribe 'em), but I do know that Felix Gregory de Fontaine was at least in the area, having already reported on Shiloh war trophies, and that he was considered one of the top two, maybe three Confederate war correspondents. Surely there are other descriptions of Price's army after they crossed the Mississippi that could confirm or deny some of this.

Vicki Betts

07-09-2007, 07:06 PM
Speaking of the undyed jean jackets, were they of cotton or a wool cotton mixture. Secondly, were they of a 6 or 4 peice construction, 1 or 2 peice sleeve, and how many buttons on the front? I know this is a tall order of a question, but I recall reading of these jackets in William L. Shea and Earl J. Hess's book on Pea Ridge. Though I do not fancy myself skilled enough to put together a garment though I have tried in the past, I have thought of late if one of these jackets would be an interesting addition to a '62 Transmississippi kit?
Take it easy
Sean Harla

07-09-2007, 11:43 PM

Hope you have been well since the bully event called BGR!

The only surviving example is actually that of Sgt Appler, better known as the Appler jacket. These were 4 piece and as I recall were of an undyed wool jeans, although Frank if you are out there feel free to correct me. They were one piece sleeve and in the case of the Appler, it had 9 buttons. These were Federal eagles at the time of his capture at Champion Hill just before Vicksburg, but many accounts state they were received with wood dish buttons, but understandably these could easily have been lost through drying out, breakage and general loss. As you might surmize these were strongly believed to have a penitentiary origin. Several of the Taters, myself included, as well as Doug Cooper were wearing this style jacket at BGR because of this.

Hope this helps....

Michael Comer
07-10-2007, 12:19 AM
Missouri troops were issued jackets of undyed jean wool prior to Pea Ridge and received a great deal of derision about them because they were white and still smelled of sheep. Other troops would bleat at them when they marched past. They soon grew to be proud of these jackets though because it made them a unique looking unit.

After Pea Ridge they were sent across the river as the article refers and were present at Corinth and Iuka. They never came back to this side of the river until the war ended. By the early part of 1863, they were no longer wearing the undyed jackets and had been issued a uniform consisting of 'gray jacket, gray pants and caps' - quite possibly CD uniforms. They were certainly drawing CD uniforms by the time of the Atlanta campaing.This was really the first time they drew clothing from the Confederate depot system having been somewhat orphaned up to that point.

In December of 1862, the Missourians were in winter quarters at Grenada, Mississippi and were reviewed by Presiden Davis. Colonel W.S. Bevier of the 1st Missouri Brigade described the brigades appearance as..."The First Brigade were clothed in their new uniforms of gray striped by blue, and presented a fine appearance..."

So, I do not think these jackets were around at Champion Hill since the brigade would have already been drawing uniforms from Western depots and what they had been wearing would have been getting pretty worn out and ready for replacement.

Point being, for what it's worth and for the sake of discussion, if you use such a jacket it may be somewhat inaccurate for anything after Spring of '62 in the TMD because these boys were in the Western theater. The penintentiary jacket that Jay refers to might be a better bet, or a commutation style jacket. There are also several fellows that make TMD jackets and those might possibly give you more service for an impression that covers a longer period of time. Perhaps Cody Mobley will chime in with some of his findings on the subject.

07-10-2007, 01:35 AM
Here is the Appler uniform - jacket and trousers, issued sometime around late summer/early fall of 62 to Sgt William Appler, 4th MO Inf. Appler says he wore it through Iuka/Corinth and until captured at Champion Hill, which is a long time if true! Of note, Marmaduke's troops received the new uniforms Mike mentiones in Nov 62 via the Depot system (Columbus) just prior to the review by Jeff Davis. These may in fact have been the first CD jackets actually issued but as far as is known an original does not survive.

The Appler jacket appears to be undyed jean on a brown cotton warp and is indeed 4 piece body, 1 piece sleeve, left side chest pocket and 9 buttons as shown here. According to Frank Aumuth and others who have seen it, the pants may be on a natural warp and appear lighter than the jacket, although both are a bit lighter than this photo.

We like the Appler for one basic reason - it survives and was worn by a Missourian during this period. Nobody knows who made it, whether homespun and unique or one of a number of identical garments made for the regiment or brigade (the undyed jackets Mike refers to - and the jean Jay mentions was produced in the thousands of yards in Texas). But it is the best we have for that timeframe. So goes the enigma that is the Trans-Miss.

07-10-2007, 04:57 PM
The conumdrum of Appler's Uniform is an interesting thinig to ponder. Appler joined the 4th Missouri CSA.
Appler claimed he was wearing said uniform when wounded at Champion's Hill
By that time the 1-4th Missouri had consolidated. Meanwhile the during winter of '62-'63 at Grenada, Mississippi the entire brigade is described as wearing what sounds like Columbus Depots. So say what you want about the commutation system but if the entire brigade is described as wearing these at Grenada what was Appler doing in this undyed uniform of mysterious orgin in May of '63? The Appler coat is under lock and key at the Missouri Historical Society of St. Louis. You have to know certain passwords and secret handshakes to see it. MoHis is more concerned about preserving the uniform and has tried to limit how many people view it.

Being undyed and with the interesting cut gives much credence that this must have been a Penetentiary uniform.

To cloud the waters more there was a man in the same consolidated company in the 1-4 MO. I forget the first name but his last name was Jones he was mortally wounded and died at Vicksburg. The coat was evidently issued but never worn by said Jones. this "Jones Coat" is in the collections of Vicksburg National Military Park.

Regarding the eagle buttons on Appler's Coat there are some interesting explanations one of which is that Appler having been wounded in the Ankle and still having an open wound months later was allowed considerable freedom in St. Louis. After the war there was a law in St. Louis stating that CS veterans were not allowed to wear CS uniforms in the streets. It may be possible that the veterans changed buttons in an attempt to comply with the law. Appler wore this to Confederate Veteran reunions up until 1920 This may explain the eagle buttons .

Regarding the attire described in the article above I have never found the articles myself but this is on par with what I have heard about the Missourians attire in the months leading up to Corinth. At the very least this is what records in the 1-3 Dismounted Cav muster rolls (the 1-3 dismounted Mo Cav. that went east of the Mississippi river. There were actually two consolidated regiments with the same designation.) seemed to show. While Missourians did wear the white uniforms that smelled of sheep at Pea Ridge only a fraction of these Missourians got those uniforms, namely, the men that Joined the Confederate Army. The Missouri State Guard units most likely did not get the same clothing and equipage. Thus the description of a "parti-colored" army. Why some Missourians joined the CS army and others remained loyal to the State of Missouri is a great topic for another post.

That's the gist of it to the best of my understanding, I hope this helps,
Frank Aufmuth

Michael Comer
07-10-2007, 06:50 PM
but if the entire brigade is described as wearing these at Grenada what was Appler doing in this undyed uniform of mysterious orgin in May of '63?

Exactly, Frank, and that is what has always bothered me about the jacket. I don't see how such a jacket would have survived service that long and not been replaced when everyone else was getting new duds. Puzzling.

How old was Appler when he made the statement that he wore the jacket at Champion Hill? Perhaps it was just faulty memory of an old veteran?

Anyway, to re-address the original question, I think there are better choices of TMD jackets that one should get if they are going to do that impression, since the undyed jackets of the Missouri boys came across the river right after Pea Ridge.

07-10-2007, 07:05 PM
Look at the number of accounts of soldiers keeping things issued to them previously. Could Appler have stashed this jacket away as a piece of clothing he would like to keep? Could he have sent it home once he was issued new, then remembered the great times he had once he returned to Missoura?

Michael Comer
07-11-2007, 12:16 AM
I guess anything is possible Mitch since there are so many unanswered questions about the whole thing. Still wonder about him wearing it at Champion Hill though. I suppose we'll never know and will just have to appreciate the fact that the jacket is still in existence and take it for what it is without speculating on all the rest.

07-11-2007, 09:45 AM
I believe Appler was in his 80's when the statement was made in a 1920's Newspaper. The account gave a very touching account of how Appler was wounded in the ankle, fainted, and was believed dead by comrades. Then at a reunion just prior to the article met up with an old pard each believing the other dead. The article went so far as to describe the locations of bullet holes the uniform got while he was wearing it.
It has been awhile since I had a copy of that article in my hands.

Regarding sean's question about the coat the arms were one piece and the body was 4 piece
9 buttons down the front and on the back side the bottom of the coat came to a point- not straight across like other shell jackets I have seen.
The cloth was Jean a wool cotton mixture. The cotton warp of the material appeared to be tan but it has been aruged that is due to sweat and aging.
Frank Aufmuth

07-12-2007, 05:37 PM

Here's my humble opinion on the Appler jacket. In addition to the "Columbus depot" style uniforms being issued to the C.S. troops in the Vicksburg campaign there is also documentation of plain "undyed" uniforms being issued as well. William Tunnard of the
3rd Louisiana wrote that his regiment was issued undyed jeans uniforms. Another Louisiana soldier wrote of his unit (the 26th I think) being issued "white" uniforms. There was also an account by an Ohio Artillery officer who encountered Georgia troops dressed in undyed uniforms. So I believe the Appler Jacket, based on it's Vicksburg campaign provenance, to be a surviving example of these "undyed" jeans uniforms issued in the Vicksburg area. These undyed uniforms would probably have quickly taken on a brownish tint with exposure to dirt and the elements in the Vicksburg area.

I doubt that the Appler jacket is one of the uniforms issued to the 1st Missouri Brigade prior to Pea Ridge. For one thing, Appler was in the 4th Mo. The 4th was not part of the 1st MO Brigade in the Pea Ridge campaign ( that would have been the 2nd MO infantry, 3rd MO infantry, Wade's and Clark's MO batteries, and the 1st MO cavalry). Another reason is (as mentioned in the other posts) the Pea Ridge jackets had "large wooden buttons".

Anyway this is my very humble opinion,
Larry Shields

Michael Comer
07-12-2007, 08:59 PM
I agree that the jacket is not from Pea Ridge because even if the 4th had been issued those, the descriptions of Prices men seems to point to them looking pretty ragged after they crossed the river so many of the jackets may have been worn out or gone. But we also know that they were finally issued uniforms from the depots - something they had not been able to get because their state was under Federal occupation and there was no supply coming from there for them. So that would also strongly suggest that Applers jacket is not one of those in question.

So, if the Missourians were issued gray jacket, trousers and caps at Grenada, MS in late 1862 how would Appler get an undyed jacket? The Missourians were reorganized and the 4th was consolidated with the 1st. The colonel of the 1st MO. Brigade made specific mention of the uniform issue and how they looked. Appler and the 4th would have been part of that body.

When and where did the Louisiana and Georgia troops receive jackets of undyed wool? Was it also at Grenada and at the same time? If not, I do not see how you can make a conclusion that it is possible Appler received an undyed jacket.

07-12-2007, 10:58 PM
The 3rd Louisiana received their undyed uniforms while at Snyder's Mill, Mississippi in March 1863. The 26th Louisiana received theirs also in March 1863 in the area of Vicksburg. I don't have any info on when the Georgians received theirs ( I believe it was Cumming's Brigade) but most likely it was also in the Vicksburg area.

As for Appler receiving an undyed Jacket, obviously the MO brigade did receive "Columbus depot" style uniforms in late 1862, (many units in Mississippi have left accounts describing such) but uniforms do wear out and need replacement. It's possible that this was the case with Appler. As for his surviving jacket, I have read 3 different accounts about it:

1. that he wore it at the battle of Corinth
2. that he wore it at Champion's Hill, was wounded and captured in it
3. that he was issued it while in the hospital at Vicksburg after being wounded at
Champion's Hill ( by this account he became a prisoner when the city was surrendered)

Now I don't claim to know which is the correct story on this jacket. I just remember the hospital issuance account had been posted several years back on the old Delphi Forums Confederate uniform discussion board when Appler's jacket was discussed there. The important thing about it for me is that it shows the Rebs at Vicksburg were issued both CD style uniforms and undyed uniforms.

Larry Shields

Michael Comer
07-12-2007, 11:35 PM

I understand your point about the possiblity of a CD wearing out between issue in late '62 and another issue of jackets in spring of '63.

As I said earlier, we'll probably never know the whole story but can be grateful that that particular jacket survived as a record of a Confederate soldier in the West. For me, it is special because there just isn't a lot of Missouri Brigade stuff that survived the war. I would really like to see it some day.

07-13-2007, 06:39 PM

You're sure right about Appler's jacket being an important record of a CS western soldier. I wish there was more access for us to see the surviving uniform and equipment items that all too often are kept in storage (which I also understand for preservation purposes). If it weren't for the internet I would never have even known about the jacket in question. I would really like to see more detailed photos of such items posted here on the AC forums by those who get a chance to see and photograph them. I don't get to travel as often as I'd like so I don't get to go to the museums and historic sites to see them.

Larry Shields

07-15-2007, 10:35 PM
Larry is right about Appler not being in the !st Mo Brigade at Pea Ridge and would not have been issued said clothing from CS government. At least the uniform at Mo. Historical Society. Appler was in Martin Greens Second Division MSG prior to crossing the Mississippi river in the spring of '62. John Thomas Appler was born in 1842 in Fredrick County MD. The family moved to Hannibal, MO in the early 1850's. He enlisted in Captain JD Feagans company K of the Fourth Mo. Inf. on April 28,1862at Memphis Tn by Col. Green for the war!

Present for duty up to Corinth. His wounding is documented" Sept-Oct 62, Missing since battle of Corinth". He was also listed on the rolls of POWS captured and paroled by US forces at Iuka, Corinth and Hatchie Bridge dated Oct 13, 1862.

On the back of one ot the CSR's not dated "Was engaged in Battle of Farmington, Iuka,Corinth, captured in the retreat, exchanged and rejoined company about Nov. 20. Engaged in the battle of Bakers Creek severly wounded and left in enemys hands. Exchanged and rejoined co. at Demopolis Oct. 10, 1863. Was granted indefinite leave of absence to go home being permanently disabled Oct. 15,1863".

Its unlikely that the Appler uniform was issued prior to the spring of 63. His diary states " Monday, Jan 19 (63) Our Brig. was uniformed yesterday." Assuming he drew a complete uniform as the other Missourians have claimed. Four months later his entry for May 16 "to-day hard fought battle, our forces retreated, myself , Albert& Lambert wounded myself dangerously& all three prisoners, laid on battlefield all night."

Four months would have transpired since jan. the hard campaigning south of Vicksberg would have taken its toll on his clothing. I think it is most probable that he recievedthe uniform we call the Appler uniform in early to mid spring prior to the retreat from the Grand Gulf/ Port Gibson area. just my opinon.

Doug I believe the photos that you posted were taken on a trip Kevin Stewart, myself, Frank and Chris Saxton were at. Kevin and I have viewed the uniform twice. I have some notes from one of the visits, but they are far from Jensen/ Childs/ standards. Four piece body, one piece sleeves, nine buttons. Frank makes particular note of the point at the rear of the coat, I never notived it being very exagerated. Of particular note to me was the general shoddy construction of the jacket, trousers not so bad. I also thought that the coat and trousers were of similar color/ hew. Aged in the same case same lighting conditions? Most likely.

But this is of a curious note. One of the news articles written in the 20th century about the wearer and uniform states " The uniform is of the original gray material rather course in texture. The old suit is complete and is being worn at reunions by Capt. Appler." So should we take this 20th century reporters words to heart. Was the uniform gray then, when he wrote the article? Was it gray at Champions Hill, probably. Only speculation, I think it probably was.

Just my two cents worth on old JT Appler. By the way after the war Appler became a union printer/ clerk for the St. Louis Republican and worked 32 years. He lived to the age of 80. he helped organise the Confederate cmemtary at Springfield Mo. In 1908 he recieved the Southern Cross of Honor from the United Daughters of the Confederacy.

Ken Irvin
The Skulkers Mess