Re: Which drill manual?
I cannot state with any certainty which drill was used at Camp Walton early in '61, but I have found some evidence of the use of Hardee's manual in south Florida during the year. From the records of Major W. Bowen of the 4th Infantry I culled the following data regarding his command of Fort Brooke on Tampa Bay in September, 1861 (two cos. 4th Florida):
On September 27, 1861 he published his General Orders setting down the daily schedule for the troops. Thenceforth, reveille was to be called at 7 o’clock AM, Retreat was to be held at sunset, and tattoo, at which the men were to all have retired to their quarters, was called at 9 PM. All lights were to be out and the men silent after 10 PM. Each company was to have a roll call at reveille, retreat, and tattoo. Each guard mount was to be posted an hour after retreat at sunset, and remain on duty until an hour before reveille, or 6 o’clock AM.
The daily roll calls, certified by each company’s Captain and First Sergeant, were to be reported to Bowen’s headquarters immediately after the reveille roll call each day, and all absent men reported. At the company level, the captains were also to number their men in a regular series, according to their stature. Each was to also divide his company into four administrative squads to be supervised by an NCO. For military instruction four hours of infantry drill were prescribed for the troops, using “Hardee’s Light Infantry Tactics.” The companies were to drill for two hours in the fore-noon, and two more hours in the afternoon.
IN early 1862 Robert Watson of Co. K, 7th Florida noted in his diary that while at Ft. Brooke his company too was exercised with the "zouave drill" with the bayonet. Long story short, Hardee's was employed in Florida... and this is the most specific reference I've seen yet.
James "Archie" Marshall
The Buzzard Club (Saltmakers for the south)