Re: Correct Bayonet
Hmmmmm. That's a hard one as a very long post or even a monograph might be required.
In brief and to over-generalize...
After much "confusion" between 1795 and 1816, in 1816 "Regulations for the National Armories" was published. But yeah, they still would take a handful of years to get the M1822. And remember we are still in the hand-made, non interchangeable parts era. Anyways, bayonets were initialy to have been made in batches of 2400 with an alphabet/numeric system of c0ombinbations of letters and numbers being stamped on the socket. For example, "A" would be sued for bayonets "1 through 100," then "B" fo the next hundred, etc., until 24 letters of 100 each ranout the batch of 2400.
Well, on paper. There are surviving bayonets that are so marked and others that are not. Overall, the "M1816" bayonet was the first to be subject to stricter inspection, and physically they are fairly close but as with trying to get the "M1816" where they wanted it to be the M1822, there are minor differecnes.
The vast majority are finished bright, except for the so-called M1816 Type II variants that were browned socketed. But, rust patina makes many formerly bright blades brown.
Still being brief...
The NUG two initials of the inspector "should be" next to the "US" on the face of the shank. Say JA, TA, BB, EB, HB, C, EC, NC, SC, JE, EH, RJ, SK, JL, WL, M, JM, MM, SM, SM/Co, SN, JR, NS, HT.
Often, the initials are above or below the "US."
Sometimes they carry the additional stampings of Civil War arms dealers or companies such as "W. HAHN/NY"
They made the M1822 musket at Springfield until 1840 and 1844 at Harpers Ferry. So somebody was makng bayonets from 1816/17 through 1844. Becasue of the time span, they are found with minor variations. Some one, some where, was tinkering with T slot mortise shape or size, no blade flute, no bridge, the taper of the blade, unmarked blade, shank variation, different proportions, modified shanks and T mortise, sdditional of a locking ring, longer sockets, slotted bridge possibly for a rifle front sight's height, etc., etc.
It would appear that there ar emore mior variation in the "M1816" bayonet than in the three general types of musket.
In gleichem Schritt und Tritt, Curt Schmidt
-Hard and sharp as flint...secret, and self-contained, and solitary as an oyster.
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