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  1. #1
    Join Date
    Dec 2003
    Location
    Cincinnati, Ohio
    Posts
    90

    Arming Ohio Part I

    Ohio Executive Documents

    Annual Report of the Quartermaster General to the Governor of the State of Ohio for the year 1862. Columbus, Richard Nevins, State Printer, 1863

    Report of the Superintendent of Arsenal

    Total arms issued to Ohio troops.

    The following tables exhibit the total number of arms issued to Ohio volunteers, now in service, who have received arms through this department:

    Artillery

    First Regiment, Col. Jas. Barnett, consisting of twelve batteries-
    46 6 pounder bronze field guns, rifled, 3.80 inch.
    16 6 pounder bronze field guns, smoothbore.
    2 12 pounder bronze howitzers.
    8 6 pounder steel rifle guns, "Waird's."
    4 12 pounder steel rifle guns "Waird's."

    1st Independent Battery, Capt McMullen-
    2 6 pounder bronze field guns, smooth.
    4 6 pounder bronze field guns, rifled.

    2d Independent Battery, Capt. Carlin-
    4 6 pounder bronze field guns, rifled.

    3d Independent Battery, Capt. Williams-
    2 6 pounder bronze field guns, smooth.
    4 6 pounder bronze field guns, rifled.

    4th independent Battery, Capt. Hoffman-
    Armed elsewhere.

    5th Independent Battery, Capt. Hickenlooper-
    2 6 pounder bronze field , smooth.
    4 6 pounder bronze field guns, rifled.

    6th Independent Battery, Capt. Bradley-
    Armed elsewhere.

    7th Independent Battery, Capt. Burnap-
    2 6 pounder bronze field guns, smooth.
    4 6 pounder bronze field guns, rifled.

    8th Independent Battery, Capt. Markgraff-
    Armed elsewhere.

    9th Independent Battery, Capt. Whetmore-
    Armed by United States direct.

    10th Independent Battery, Capt. White-
    2 6 pounder bronze field guns, smooth
    4 6 pounder bronze field guns, rifled.

    11th Independent Battery, Capt. Constable, now Sands-
    Armed elsewhere.

    12th Independent Battery, Capt. Johnson-
    4 6 pounder steel rifled guns, "Wiard's."
    2 12 pounder steel rifled guns, "Wiard's."

    13th Independent Battery, Capt. Myers-
    2 6 pounder bronze field guns, smooth.
    4 6 pounder bronze field guns, rifled.

    14th Independent Battery, Capt. Burrows-
    4 6 pounder steel rifled guns, "Wiard's."
    2 12 pounder steel rifled guns, "Wiard's."
    Subequently issued to this battery-
    2 12 pounder bronze field guns-model, 1857.
    4 3 inch wrought iron guns, rifled.

    15th Independent Battery, Capt. Spear-
    Armed elsewhere.

    16th Independent Battery, Capt. Mitchell-
    2 6 pounder bronze field guns, smooth.
    4 6 pounder bronze field guns, rifled.

    17th Independent Battery, Capt. Blount-
    6 6 pounder bronze field guns, rifled.

    18th Independent Battery, Capt. Aleshire-
    6 3 inch wrought iron guns, rifled.

    19th Independent Battery, Capt. Shields-
    6 12 pounder bronze field guns, pat., 1857.

    20th Independent Battery, Capt. Smithnight-
    2 12 pounder bronze field guns, pat., 1857.
    4 3 inch wrought iron guns, rifled.

    Cavalry

    1st Regiment-
    658 Sharp's carbines.
    1,090 Colt's pistols.
    93 Remington pistols.
    1,210 light Cavalry sabres.

    2nd Regiment-
    100 Joslyn carbines.
    700 Starr's pistols.
    500 Remington pistols.
    1,200 light Cavalry sabres.

    3rd Regiment-
    100 Joslyn's carbines.
    650 Remington's pistols.
    50 Whitney's pistols.
    1,200 sabres.

    4th Regiment-
    100 Joslyn carbine
    (Received remainder of its armament direct from United States.)

    5th Regiment-
    120 Sharp's carbines
    675 Joslyn's pistols.
    1,200 light Cavalry sabres.
    (This regiment has lately received a full supply of Burnside's carbines direct from the United States.)

    6th Regiment-
    250 Joslyn's carbines.
    71 Colt's pistols
    324 Joslyn's pistols.
    760 light Cavalry sabres.

    7th Regiment-
    400 Gallager's carbines.
    1000 Remington's pistols.
    200 Whitney's pistols.
    1,200 light Cavalry sabres.

    1st Squadron-
    186 Sharp's carbines.
    184 Remington's pistols.
    164 light Cavalry sabres.

    2d Independent Battalion-
    100 Gallager's carbines
    300 remington pistols
    400 light Cavalry sabres

    Will continue with the OVM and OVI...

    Regards,

    John

    John Sarver
    Cin.O.

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Dec 2003
    Location
    Northern Illinois
    Posts
    327

    Re: Arming Ohio Part I

    John,
    I am surprised, no Gwyn & Campbells/Cosmopolitians, also know as the Ohio gun.
    Steve Sullivan
    46th Illinois
    Co. Mil. Hist.

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Dec 2003
    Location
    Cincinnati, Ohio
    Posts
    90

    Re: Arming Ohio Part I

    Hi Steve,

    I'm kind of surprised as well. Always thought the grapevines were neat, although they have my vote as plug ugliest carbine of the war.

    Folks I'm missing the 1st thru 26th Regiments, certainly have to include them, have to go get another copy and will do so over the weekend.

    To my fellow Buckeyes.

    I've been very blessed at stumbling across a few other things that are Ohio related, and might be of interest to our members statewide. Have two really neat period newspaper articles on the uniforms of the 1st and 2nd OVM, and how the stuff was purchased when they were sent east. Would anybody like to have some of that for ref., sort of an Ohio stuff thread? Could we do something like that Curt if folks are interested?

    Anyway,

    Regards,

    John
    John Sarver
    Cin. O.

  4. #4
    Join Date
    Mar 2004
    Location
    Glendale, CA
    Posts
    72

    Re: Arming Ohio Part I

    Anything there on the 55th Ohio Volunteer Infantry?

    Jeff Lawson

  5. #5
    Join Date
    Dec 2003
    Location
    Medina State of Northern Ohio
    Posts
    6,169

    Re: Arming Ohio Part I

    Hallo Kameraden!

    Thanks, Herr John, for working on this!

    And, Kameraden, these listings will be covering all of the Ohio regiments, yes.

    Curt-Heinrich Schmidt
    In gleichem Schritt und Tritt, Curt Schmidt

    -Hard and sharp as flint...secret, and self-contained, and solitary as an oyster.
    -Haplogroup R1b M343 (Subclade R1b1a2 M269)
    -Pointless Folksy Wisdom Mess, Oblio Lodge #1
    -Vastly Ignorant
    -Often incorrect, technically, historically, factually.

  6. #6
    Join Date
    Dec 2003
    Location
    North Canton, OH
    Posts
    174

    Re: Arming Ohio Part I

    The Ohio Executive Documents are a great source of information on Ohio units, but they are not always complete. The list is very extensive and will take John awhile to post. If John doesn't mind, I'll jump in and help by posting info on some of the higher number regiments:

    50th OVI - No record
    51st OVI - 703 US rifle muskets, .69 cal., 200 Enfield rifle muskets.
    52nd OVI - 940 Springfield rifle muskets
    53rd OVI - 888 Austrian rifle muskets, .54 cal.
    54th OVI - 600 Pondir muskets, .69 cal.
    55th OVI - 586 Pondir rifle muskets, cal 69, 380 Enfield rifle muskets.
    56th OVI - 700 Saxony rifle muskets, 200 Enfield rifle muskets.
    57th OVI - 840 Austrian rifle muskets, 54 cal., 200 Enfield rifle muskets.
    58th OVI - 551 Austrian rifle muskets, 54 cal, 429 Enfield rifle muskets.
    59th OVI - 200 Enfield rifle muskets, Remainder of issue to this regiment made in the field.
    60th OVI - No record
    61st OVI - 771 Austrian rifle muskets, 54 cal
    62nd OVI - 780 Pondir's rifle musket, 69 cal, 200 Enfield rifle musket.
    63rd OVI - 864 Austrian rifle musket, 54 cal.
    64th OVI - Armed by War Department direct
    65th OVI - Armed by War Department direct
    66th OVI - 704 Pondir's rifle musket, 69 cal
    67th OVI - 620 Prussian smoothbore muskets, 360 Enfield rifle muskets. Subsequent issue of 828 Saxony rifle muskets, 69 cal.
    68th OVI - 980 Enfield rifle muskets
    69th OVI - 980 Austrian rifle muskets, 54 cal.
    70th OVI - 264 Austrian rifle muskets, remainder of issue to this regiment made in the field.
    71st OVI - 850 French rifle muskets, 70 cal., Subsequent issue of 250 French rifle muskets, 70 cal.
    72nd OVI - 780 Enfield rifle muskets.
    73rd OVI - 980 Enfield rifle muskets.
    74th OVI - 780 Prussian rifle muskets, 69 cal., 200 Enfield rifle muskets.
    75th OVI - 900 Enfield rifle muskets.
    76th OVI - 980 French rifle muskets, 69 cal. Subsequent issue of 800 Springfield rifle muskets.
    77th OVI - Armed in the field
    78th OVI - 900 Enfield rifle muskets
    79th OVI - 720 Springfield rifle muskets
    80th OVI - 900 Austrian rifle muskets, 54 cal.
    81st OVI - 600 Enfield rifle muskets
    82nd OVI - 980 Enfield rifle muskets
    83rd OVI - 980 Enfield rifle muskets
    84th OVI - 88th OVI - No record
    89th OVI - 940 Austrian rifle muskets, 58 cal.
    90th OVI - 940 Enfield rifle muskets.
    91st OVI - 950 Austrian rifle muskets, 54 cal
    92nd OVI - 950 Austrian rifle muskets, 54 cal.
    93rd OVI - 960 Springfield rifle muskets.
    94th OVI - 940 Enfield rifle muskets.
    95th OVI - 960 Springfield rifle muskets. Subsequent issue of 800 Enfield rifle muskets.
    96th OVI - 940 Austrian rifle muskets, 58 cal.
    97th OVI - 940 Enfield rifle muskets.
    98th OVI - 920 Springfield rifle muskets.
    99th OVI - 940 Enfield rifle muskets.
    100th OVI - 950 Austrian rifle muskets, 54 cal. Subsequent issue of 920 Enfield rifle muskets.
    101st OVI - 940 Austrian rifle muskets, 58 cal. Subsequent issue of 900 Springfield rifle muskets
    102nd OVI - 940 Austrian rifle muskets, 58 cal. Subsequent issue of 900 Springfield rifle muskets.
    103rd OVI - 940 Austrian rifle muskets, 54 cal. Subsequent issue of 900 Enfield rifle muskets.
    104th OVI - 940 Austrian rifle muskets, 58 cal. Subsequent issue of 900 Enfield rifle muskets.
    105th OVI - 960 Springfield rifle musket. Subsequent issue of 35 Springfield rifle muskets.

    I'll add the rest later on this evening, but here are a couple of additional comments on this list. This list is more accurate than that in Todd's Equipage book. More importantly, this is a good start on researching the weapons of an Ohio regiment. The 1863 Report adds in further detail on subsequent issues, particularly for those regiments armed with 2nd calss arms. Also, it's good to bounce this data off the Quarterly Summary of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores in the National Archives.

    Finally, in terms of the Gwyn and Campbell carbines issued to Ohio troops, most, if not all, went to Illinois cavalry regiments. There were a few Cosmopolitan rifles issued to local volunteer regiments shortly before the war on a test basis, but they failed miserably. I think there's an article in one of the Cincinatti papers about it. I'd recommend Tom Rentschlor's book on the Gwyn and Campbell/Union/Grapevine/Gross/Union/Ohio carbines for more information.
    James Brenner

  7. #7
    Join Date
    Dec 2003
    Location
    Medina State of Northern Ohio
    Posts
    6,169

    Re: Arming Ohio Part I

    Thanks for helping, Herr Jim!

    Curt-Heinrich Schmidt
    Thankful For Slow Nights At the Pentagon Mess
    ;-)
    In gleichem Schritt und Tritt, Curt Schmidt

    -Hard and sharp as flint...secret, and self-contained, and solitary as an oyster.
    -Haplogroup R1b M343 (Subclade R1b1a2 M269)
    -Pointless Folksy Wisdom Mess, Oblio Lodge #1
    -Vastly Ignorant
    -Often incorrect, technically, historically, factually.

  8. #8
    Join Date
    Dec 2003
    Location
    North Canton, OH
    Posts
    174

    Re: Arming Ohio Part I

    You're welcome, Herr Curt. How's the frau?

    As Curt pointed out, it's a slow night in the Pentagon Mess (not too much of a pun intended), so here's the rest of the information for the 106th to 126th OVI regiments:

    106th OVI - Armed at Camp Dennison with Austrian rifle muskets, 58 cal.
    107th OVI - 959 Austrian rifle muskets, 54 cal.
    108th OVI - Armed at Camp Dennison with Austrian rifle muskets, 58 cal.
    109th OVI - No record.
    110th OVI - 950 French rifle muskets, 71 cal. Subsequent issue of 900 Springfield rifle muskets.
    111th OVI - 950 Springfield rifle muskets.
    112th OVI - No record
    113th OVI - 840 Enfield rifle muskets
    114th OVI - 950 Austrian rifle muskets, 54 cal. Subsequent issue of 200 Austrian rifle muskets, 54 cal.
    115th OVI - 950 Austrian rifle muskets, 54 cal.
    116th OVI - 950 Austrian rifle muskets, 54 cal.
    117th OVI - 920 French rifle muskets, 69 cal.
    118th OVI - 875 Austrian rifle muskets, 54 cal.
    119th OVI - No record
    120th OVI - 950 Austrian rifle muskets, 54 cal.
    121st OVI - 900 Austrian rifle muskets, 54 cal.
    122nd OVI - 900 French rifle muskets, 71 cal. Subsequent issue of 900 Enfield rifle muskets.
    123rd OVI - 980 Austrian rifle muskets, 54 cal.
    124th OVI - 700 Springfield rifle muskets.
    125th OVI - 600 Springfield rifle muskets.
    126th OVI - 900 Austrian rifle muskets, 54 cal.
    Hoffman's Battalion - 300 U.S. percussion muskets.
    Governor's Guards - 288 Prussian smoothbore muskets.
    Dennison Guards - 95 Prussian smoothbore muskets
    Trumbull Guards - 98 U.S. percussion muskets.
    James Brenner

  9. #9
    Join Date
    Mar 2004
    Location
    Columbus, Ohio
    Posts
    51

    Re: Arming Ohio Part I

    James,
    Could you be so kind as to tell me what the 127th (5th USCT) and the 27th USCT were issued? I have been told it was the 63' springfields but want it from a reliable source, i.e. you or Comrade Sarver. It would be most appreciated

    Andrew Jarvi
    Capt. 5th USCT

  10. #10
    Join Date
    Dec 2003
    Location
    North Canton, OH
    Posts
    174

    Re: Arming Ohio Part I

    Unfortunately, that unit isn't listed in the Executive Documents. I suspect that the reason is because the USG armed them rather than the state. Have you read, Eagles on their Buttons? That's a recent regimental history on the 127thOVI/5 USCT. It may state what they were issued. Just off the cuff, though, considering when the unit was raised, I'd think that the M1863 would be a little late and the regiment would more likely be issued some type of M1861. The next time I'm at the Archives, I'll check the Summary of Ordnance Stores. The Summaries don't go into specifics, though, on what exact type of Springfields a unit had.
    James Brenner

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